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Let’s break each of those categories down.

Natural Person

The person must be alive in order to be considered a natural person.

Any Information

Includes objective information about an individual.  

Examples:

Height Weight Skin tone Hair color
Eye color Physical description Foot size Fingerprint
Medical condition Mental condition Medication Biometric 

 

This is not limited to a specific format or delivery vehicle. 

Examples:

Audio Video / Photograph Numerical Graphical

Identifiable individuals and identifiers

Combined with the above, the following personal information or personal information can be used to directly and/or indirectly identify an individual.

Name and surname Email address Phone number Home address
Date of birth Race Gender Political opinions
Credit card numbers Data held by a hospital or doctor Photograph where an individual is identifiable Identification card number
A cookie ID IP address Location Data Advertising id from phone

Personal data that relates to an identifiable individual

In this category, data that is used for learning or making a decision about an individual or that relates to an individual is considered personal data. This can also include data that, after processing, could have an impact on the individual.

This all comes down to how the data is processed and used.  A predominant example of this is a photographer taking a photo, which includes individuals, license plates, and other identifiers. This scenario does include personal data and wouldn’t be subject to GDPR rules.  However, if that photograph is leveraged by law enforcement or investigative authorities to identify individuals, then it would be considered as processing data about identifiable individuals.